HIV/AIDS: an evolving epidemic

In New York

Approximately 129,000 people are diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in New York State. Almost 80% live in New York City.⁵

  • 1 in 5 people who are HIV + do not know their status.⁵
  • Almost 4,000 New Yorkers will be infected with HIV this year.⁵

New York leads the nation in the number of new HIV cases.¹

In the first half of 2011, one-third of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses among males in New York City were in young men aged 20-29.⁴

93% of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses among females in New York City were in black or Hispanic women in the first half of 2011.⁴

77% of people living with HIV in New York are over forty. 42% of positive New Yorkers are over fifty.⁵

In 2010 nearly 1700 people in New York City died from AIDS-related causes.⁴

To date, over 100,000 New Yorkers have died from AIDS-related causes.⁵

In the United States

Approximately 1.1 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in the US. One fifth don’t know they have the virus.³

An estimated 50,000 new HIV infections occur in the US each year.³

50% of those living with HIV are not in regular care.²

Less than 25% of those living with HIV currently have an undetectable viral load.²

Since the start of the epidemic, more than 600,000 Americans have died from AIDS-related causes.¹

Men who have sex with men make up 4% of the US male population, but account for 78% of all new HIV infections.¹

African Americans accounted for 44% of new infections in 2010. They comprise 14% of the US population.¹

The infection rate among Latinos was 3.1 times higher than among whites in 2010.¹

In 2010, women represented one fifth of new diagnoses.¹

In 2010, 31% of all new infections occurred among people aged 25-34, more than any other age group.¹

In the World

34 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.⁶

In 2011, there were 1.7 million AIDS-related deaths.⁶

Approximately 2.5 million people are infected with HIV each year.⁶

Women constitute more than half of all people living with HIV/AIDS.⁶

More than 30 million have died from AIDS since the epidemic began.⁶

Works Cited

¹Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Estimated HIV incidence in the United States, 2007–2010. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2012;17(No. 4).
Published December 2012.

²Edward M. Gardner, Margaret P. McLees, John F. Steiner, Carlos del Rio, and William J. Burman. The Spectrum of Engagement in HIV Care and its Relevance
to Test-and-Treat Strategies for Prevention of HIV Infection. Clin Infect Dis. (2011) 52(6): 793-800 doi:10.1093/cid/ciq243

³Kaiser Family Foundation. HIV/AIDS Policy Fact Sheet: The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the US. Published December 2012.

New York City HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Statistics. New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2011. Updated January 4, 2012.

New York State Department of Health. New York State HIV/AIDS Surveillance Annual Report for Cases Diagnosed Through December 2010. Published August 2012.

UNAIDS. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. Published December 2012.

Compiled January 2013